Evaluating the Relevance and Significance of Shakespeare’s Hamlet in Indian Context
Keywords:Adaptation, English-education, Hamlet, India, Shakespeare, Translation
Hamlet has always been remembered as Shakespeare’s masterpiece creation. The play has enjoyed unmatched popularity among the audience of all ages. Since its first public performance, till date, the play has always remained relevant to the audience, in some way or the other. The history of Hamlet in India dates back to the colonial era. The play was first introduced by the troupes which performed it for the English traders. Later on, as a consequence of the colonial education, it became the part of the formal English education and travelled to the other groups of the society. Shakespeare was a big name even then, and the ever-praised elements of the play greatly influenced the local audience. With the development, translation and movie-adaptation also greatly helped in the wider circulation of the play, and it never went totally out of discussion. The present research paper focuses on some of the major elements which helped in this larger popularity of the play in a non-English-speaking country like India. It will try to analyse the relevance and significance of Hamlet to the audience in the Indian context. The focus will also be on the translation and the different kinds of adaptations of the play which have greatly helped in a wider circulation of Shakespeare’s creative genius. The paper begins with a general discussion of the play, mostly taking accounts from the English literary critics, and moves on to the analysis of the play in the Indian context.
Awasthi, Suresh. “Shakespeare in Hindi.” Indian Literature, vol. 7, no. 1, 1964, pp. 51–62. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/23329679. Accessed 23 Nov. 2022.
Bhardwaj, Vishal. Haider (2014). YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FSFLiWNOxsg.
Bhattacharyya, S. K. “Shakespeare and Bengali Theatre.” Indian Literature, vol. 7, no. 1, 1964, pp. 27–40. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/23329677. Accessed 23 Nov. 2022.
Bloom, Harold. Bloom’s Guides: William Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Infobase Publishing, 2004.
Bradley, A. C. Shakespearean Tragedy. The Project Gutenberg E-Book, 2005.
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. Coleridge’s Lectures on Shakespeare and Other Poets and Dramatists. Everyman’s Library, 1914.
Edwards, Philip. “Introduction.” Hamlet. Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Eliot, T. S. “Hamlet and His Problems.” Poetry Foundation, https://www.poetryfoundation.org/articles/69399/hamlet.
Hazlitt, William. “Hamlet.” Characters of Shakespeare’s Plays. Cambridge University Press, 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511694233
Iyengar, K. R. Srinivasa. “Shakespeare in India.” Indian Literature, vol. 7, no. 1, 1964, pp. 1-11. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/23329674. Accessed 22 Nov. 2022.
Johnson, Samuel. “Hamlet.” Preface to Shakespeare. The Project Gutenberg E-Book, 2004.
Jonson, Ben. “To the Memory of My Beloved the Author, Mr. William Shakespeare.” Poetry Foundation, https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/44466/to-the-memory-of-my-beloved-the-author-mr-william-shakespeare.
Lott, Bernard. “Introduction.” Hamlet. New Swan Shakespeare Advanced Series. Longman, 1968, https://www.google.com/amp/s/docplayer.net/amp/56063593-New-swan-shakespeare-advanced-series-bernard-lott-m-a-ph-d-general-editor-hamlet.html.
Mathur, Barkha. “Marathi adaptation of Hamlet, a treat to watch.” The Times of India, Nov 17, 2018, https://www.google.com/amp/s/m.timesofindia.com/city/nagpur/marathi-adaptation-of-hamlet-a-treat-to-watch/amp_articleshow/66659873.cms.
Mohanty, Sangeeta. The Indian Response to Hamlet: Shakespeare’s Reception in India and a Study of Hamlet in Sanskrit Poetics. PhD Thesis, University of Basel, 2010.
Prakash, V. K. Karmayogi (2012). Malayalam Movie Adaptation of Shakespeare’s Hamlet.
Raffel, Burton. “Introduction.” Hamlet. Yale University Press, 2003.
Raghavan, V. “Shakespeare in Sanskrit.” Indian Literature, vol. 7, no. 1, 1964, pp. 109–14. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/23329685. Accessed 23 Nov. 2022.
Shakespeare, William. Four Tragedies: Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, Othello, The Moor of Venice, King Lear, Macbeth. Bantam Classic, 2005.
Singh, Jyotsna. “Different Shakespeares: The Bard in Colonial/Postcolonial India.” Theatre Journal, vol. 41, no. 4, 1989, pp. 445–58. JSTOR, https://doi.org/10.2307/3208007. Accessed 23 Nov. 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3208007
Srilata, K. “Shakespeare in Indian languages.” The Hindu, March 2, 2008, https://anuvaad.wordpress.com/2008/04/03/shakespear-in-indian-languages/.
Tillyard, E.M.W. Shakespeare’s History Plays. Penguin Books Ltd., 1962.
Wilson, John Dover. Hamlet. Cambridge University Press, 2009.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 The Creative Launcher
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.