The publisher manages the expenditure done in the whole process of article production. We do not charge any amount from authors or readers. We do not adverise on our website. We do not have any institutional funding. All articles are Open Access since the day of production.  The journal is wholly maintained with Volunteer effort(s) who belong to different Institutions/Universities.  We have a dedicated team of editors and reviewers who work for the academic cause and help us in different ways.