The Creative Launcher <p><a href=""><img src="" alt="" width="95" height="86" /> </a><img src="" alt="" width="99" height="96" /> <img src="" width="108" height="108" /><img src="" alt="" width="162" height="49" /> <img src="" /> <img src="" /><code><img src=";img src=&quot;https:/;&gt;" alt="" /></code></p> <p><a class="read-more" style="background: 0px 0px #e51515; border-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.34); border-image: initial; border-radius: 3px; border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; box-shadow: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.34) 0px 1px 0px inset, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.13) 0px 2px 0px -1px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.08) 0px 3px 0px -1px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) 0px 3px 13px -1px; box-sizing: border-box; color: white; display: inline-block; font-family: 'Open Sans', sans-serif; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 600; height: 25px; line-height: 25px; margin: 12px 0px 0px; padding: 0px 10px; text-decoration-line: none; text-shadow: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.15) 1px 2px 0px; transition: background 0.17s ease 0s; vertical-align: baseline;" href="">Welcome </a><span style="background-color: white; font-size: 14px; text-align: justify;"> </span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="background: white; font-size: 10.5pt; line-height: 115%;">The Creative Launcher (2455-6580) is an international, high quality, peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes articles in all areas of English Literature, English language, Linguistics and English Language Teaching. The main objective of the Journal is to discuss global prospects and innovations concerning major issues of literature, to publish new analyses and the studies of African American Literature, American Literature, Art, Aesthetics, Myth, Culture and Folklore, British Literature, Canadian Literature, Children’s Literature, Commonwealth Literature, Comparative Literature, Cultural Studies, Cyber Literature, Dalit Literature, Diaspora Studies, Disability Studies, Disaster Literature, English Language Teaching, Gender Studies, Post-Colonial Literature, Indian Literature in English, Pakistan English Literature, SAARC Literature, Tribal Literature, Linguistics, Science Fiction and Cultural Analysis and Translation Studies and Literature and theory of literature. The Journal seeks to stimulate the initiation of new research and ideas in English literature for the purpose of integration and interaction of international specialists in the development of literature as interdisciplinary knowledge. It particularly welcomes articles on research in various fields of English Literature and language. The journal encourages critical rigour, fresh insights and creative writing skills to its readers and writers. Research articles from all areas of English Literature, English Language Teaching, Linguistics are entertained in this journal. The highest priority is given to research reports that are specifically written for English Literature and its allied areas. The audience is primarily researchers and academicians in various fields concerning English Literature and Language. It has received a wide range of audiences and readers throughout the world.</span></p> <p><span style="background-color: white; font-size: 14px; text-align: justify;"> </span></p> Perception Publishing en-US The Creative Launcher 2455-6580 Virtual Teaching to Tribal Students with Particular Reference to North Bastar <p>The present research article portrays the existing scene of virtual teaching of the tribal students in Bastar during Pandemic, with the most possible solutions. This study meant to deal with the main problems and anxiety faced by the tribal students during online education. It focuses on the vital chains of their distance learning and the probable solutions. It even explores teachers’ insightful preparation process that has been developed during the Pandemic situations. Online teaching has generated ample ways in which a child can be taught. The article reveals the challenges faced by the tribal students as well as teachers in attending the online classes and students’ struggle to cope up with the tough situation. There were certain barriers that hamper their learning process and upset them. The main goals of the virtual teaching were to reply the expected queries and requests from students and to provide them proper guidance and advice.</p> Dr. Nidhi Bhatt Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 1 11 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.01 Deterioration of Values in Secondary Education and Indian Perspective <p>The article aims to analyse the underlying principle of ‘values’, and their inculcation in secondary education. It reviews critically the looming crisis of ‘values’ in education, and its ensuing impact on the intellectual and social development of a child. Value-based education is very imperative in the social and cultural orientation of an individual. For many decades Indian education system has been ensuring the proper instillation of ‘values’ in a child, which is reflected in his culturally rich existence in society. However, there has also been a gradual decline in ‘values’, particularly in education, and consequently, society is facing an advancing deterioration in cultural. The article also endeavours to elucidate various causes for the degradation of values, and how it can be mitigated so as to justify the impartation of education. Changing trends in modern lifestyle, accessibility of information, redefinition of cultural practices, modification of socio-political norms, and mercenary approach to education are affecting the core principles of education in India. Teacher-student relationship also has undergone a drastic change. The article also tries to highlight some of the palliatives to restore values in education, which has been further promulgated by National Education Policies time and again. Using the qualitative method, various research articles and resources have been studied and analysed to put forth the generalisations about the crisis in ‘values’ in secondary education. Furthermore, in the light of National Education Policy 2020, some of the core beliefs and vision to alleviate this crisis of values in education have also been suggested.</p> Dr. Gajendra Dutt Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 12 19 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.02 Resurgence of Buddhism in Indian and Chinese Diplomacy <p>In this globalized and information age, it requires to move ahead with the time and bring required changes in the methods of diplomacy. Both India and China are trying to make use of their status as ancient and rich civilizations for the revival of age-old linkages based on cultural and religious exchanges. Both the countries are preaching the lessons of Peace and Harmony in their foreign policy and trying to make use of the Buddhist wave as cultural diplomacy. The resurgence of Buddhism led to the use of Buddhism as a cultural bridge between countries and has become the need of the hour. Moreover, as Asia is a highly religious region both India and China are making their Buddhist links a tool of cultural diplomacy. This paper would analyze how India and China are making use of Buddhism as an instrument of cultural diplomacy in a competitive manner. As both the countries are planning to gain an upper hand in the region, keeping their advantages and constraints in mind, the paper would highlight their prospects and constraints in using Buddhism and Spiritual diplomacy as a soft power for their political end.</p> Arpana Raj Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 20 30 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.03 Gender Discrimination in Mahesh Dattani’s Tara: A Critical Analysis <p>Mahesh Dattani is a distinguished contemporary Indian playwright in English who works as a writer, stage and film director, actor, and theatrical personality. His plays are on the issues that arise in Indian contexts. He writes about those who are on the margins of society, such as minorities, women, gays, and transsexuals. The purpose of my paper is to investigate the female child's trauma in Mahesh Dattani's <em>Tara</em>. The predicament of Tara is akin to those of myriad unfortunate Indian females. In this conservative society, there are numerous obstacles to nurturing a girl child. On the one hand, they discover empowerment through good education, financial success, and individualism in society, yet our culture is unable to decimate long-held biases against them. "The girl child is still an undesirable arrival into an Indian home, even when the family is ostensibly educated and even has exposure to Western ideas," argues Dr. Jyoti Sharma (1). In this play, Tara is the daughter of an educated upper-middle-class family in Bangalore. The play's plot revolves around twins who are born with three legs, with blood circulation to the third leg coming from the newborn girl's torso. Only one of the twins could have two legs, while the other had to make do with one. The unwavering pronouncement to attach the third leg to the boy child's body to complete the child. This decision was not based on the medical ground but due to gender discrimination and injustice towards girl children in our Indian society. Dattani is concerned with gender discrimination and inequality toward girl children. This is done not because the girl is incapable of surviving in the merciless hands of society, but because societal conventions, economic standards, and cultural elements are to blame for this horrific activity. All of these circumstances constitute an ideology in our society in which the girl child must live and die. In this case, a girl's potential is sacrificed on the altar of gender, in which a female's role is also unforgettable and unforgivable, resulting in this unwelcome criterion.</p> Dr. Om Prakash Ratnaker Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 31 41 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.04 Making Visible the Invisible: An Analytical Elucidation of Tishani’s Poems <p>Tishani Doshi channels her unique potential into her creative work as a scholarly Indian poet, passionate artist and astounding dancer. She converts dexterously the bitter realities of life into words and scatters literary gems liberally in her poetic realm. Her ‘overlapping concerns’ through creative writing (poems, novels) and rhythmic movements make her subsequent career unparalleled. Although Tishani is deft to articulate her literary caliber through poetry and novel both, yet poetry provides her the nuts and bolts of expressing the abstract feelings into words with concrete images. &nbsp;Her poems leave indelible impression upon the mind of the reader. The minimal words of poems contain plethora of philosophy and provide the possibilities to widen our imagination. She dares to ponder over umpteen baffling questions related to pre-natal existence, post mortal destination, our real abode etc. While pouring out her bubbling genuine notions particularly in poems, she appears to unwrap life’s those mysteries which remain incomprehensible or unrevealed for a layman. Through her treasure trove of poetry, she temps us to fumble the hidden philosophy regarding isolation, crisis of identity, nostalgia, rootlessness and nervous exhaustion with fluctuation of moody unhappiness. What makes the poems worth reading is the coating of spiritual belief and mysticism upon them. The comprehensive analytical articulation represents conspicuously the screeching of an alienated soul yearning for a perennial settlement in this cosmos.</p> Dr. Gunjan Saxena Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 42 49 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.05 Locating and Interrogating the Savarna Trace in Selected Marathi Dalit Short Stories <p>In the present time modern urban India denies the existence of caste prejudices and caste-based discriminations. Educated urban people talk of “caste” as concept which is centuries old and quite outdated. But how far it is true is a matter of question. Since even today when it comes to marriage, educated families look for boys or girls from the same caste, caste consciousness always remain at the back of the mind of an educated youth while forming the friend circle, and caste discrimination becomes more prominent when the so called educated modern urban families do not allow their domestic help to use the same plates. Down the ages it has been observed that the Savarnas or the so-called upper caste people have always occupied the central position in the society and continuously shaped and dictated the fate of the Dalits leaving them no choice to construct their lives according to their own will and wish.&nbsp; &nbsp;Literature, however, has always been the mimetic platform which has inspired the common people to rethink, reevaluate and bring about reformative and revolutionary changes. The present paper attempts to hear those unheard voices of the Dalits who have long been oppressed by the upper caste people in this casteist Indian society. The present paper analyses two short stories written by two prolific Dalit writers namely Baburao Bagul and Sharankumar Limbale. Through a close reading of Bagul’s “When I Hid My Caste” and Limbale’s “The Dalit Brahmin”, the present paper aims to identify and comprehend how instrumental and phenomenal is the trace of the upper caste in the lives of the Dalits and how this hegemonic savarna social system has caused the unbuilding of the identity which the Dalits have so ambitiously built equal to that of the Savarnas.</p> Ms. Somojyoti Banerjee Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 50 55 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.06 Women of Afghanistan Mirrored through Khaled Hosseini’s A Thousand Splendid Suns <p>Literature forms the backbone as well as the mouthpiece of almost all historical events and consequently presents the readers with a clear representation of the problems associated with the foretold incidents. Gender has been a powerful topic, capable enough of grasping the attention of the society in every age. Women have been considered as subordinate, invaluable and minority citizens. This has been constructed by the societal norms wherein women have always been dragged to the pedestal of all sorts of discussions. Women have been deliberately suppressed to an extent that their lives turned out to be miserable in the so-called patriarchal society. The Feminist theory focuses on the understanding of the gender inequality by highlighting the most prominent themes such as sexual objectification, oppression, patriarchy and so on. Afghanistan has the same root problems. The deteriorated condition of women still persists with the passing years without any considerable change. The novel is a very clear and crisp depiction of the sufferings of female characters namely Nana, Maryam and Laila who suffer mercilessly at the hands of their male dominants. These women are tortured and threatened sexually, psychologically and mentally. The agony and anxiety involved in such practices shape the female characters of the novel and provides the readers with an overview of the gender inequality through lack of education, exemption from their rights, marital problems, unhealthy medical conditions and so on.</p> Roma Naaz Prof. Tanveer Khadija Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 56 61 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.07 Antisemitism in Umberto Eco’s The Prague Cemetery <p>The present paper focuses on the history of antisemitism and exploring it in the novel, <em>The Prague Cemetery </em>by Umberto Eco. Gradual development of antisemitism and conspiracy theories related to it will also be analysed in this paper. Umberto Eco's realistic portrayal of the then European society and various conspiratorial events and cover ups will also be dealt in the paper. The comparison between forging of the antisemitic text <em>Protocols of The Learned Elders of Zion</em> and its hate spreading message and use of it by Hitler as well as the main character Simone Simonini will also be done. A comparison will also be made between the condition of 19th century Italy and 20th century Germany. Simone Simonini's acquired antisemitism, xenophobism and conspiracy theory against the secret society The Freemasonry will also be analysed through the textual lines of the novel.</p> Salman Dr. Rani Tiwari Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 62 69 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.08 A Comparative Study of Manoj Das’s Akasara Isara (Odia) and The Escapist (English) <p>There are very few bilingual writers of repute in the country and Manoj Das distinctly stands as a prolific writer who has carved a niche for himself in this arena. In fact, he is one of the greatest writers of the country, who has given a new direction to the bilingual writing and proved his brilliance through his great short stories and novels both in Odia and English languages with his creative genius. He is one of the widely acclaimed bilingual story tellers of the country whose writings have been accepted by the readers for their novelty of thoughts and flawless narration. Many prestigious literary awards like the Sahitya Akademi Award, the Padma Shri and the Saraswati Samman and many more have been bestowed upon him. He is in fact one of the towering literary personalities in the Indian English fictions arena who has been instrumental in establishing a native identity. His in-depth analysis of human emotions and their universal appeal is something that is amazingly brilliant in his writings. He has been widely acclaimed and appreciated for his literary genius and creative brilliance. The present research article attempts a comparative study of these two novels which are unique with their thematic treatment as well as the subtle realities combined with powerful philosophical messages. His novel <em>Akasara Isara</em> (1997) which originally appeared in Odia and later translated by the author himself in English as <em>The Escapist</em> (2001) describes the human tragedy against the backdrop of an all-pervading destiny. The article discusses such issues of translation and bilingual writing. It also focuses on the cultural aspects.</p> Ashwini Kumar Sahu Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 70 74 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.09 A Reassessment of Charles Dickens’ Hard Times as a Socialist Critique against Capitalist Ethos <p>The purpose of the present paper is to make a reassessment and revaluation of Charles Dickens’ <em>Hard Times</em> to expose how capitalism and the ills of England’s Industrial Revolution inflicted its wrath on labour and bourgeoisie in the 19<sup>th</sup> century England. It also aims at manifesting how humans were forced to become machines under the aegis of capital and how the dominance of reason, intellect and wit in the 18<sup>th</sup> century minimised the effective side of humanitarianism during the clash between capital and labour. It also reflects the miserable conflict between head and heart or reason and sentiments. It also makes a severe attack on the educational theory of “facts” and “statistics.” Through the two pivotal advocates and champions of industrial capitalism in the novel--Gradgrind and Bounderby--the paper provides a socio-economic critique of the times of early phase of capitalism, <em>Laissez Faire</em> and Utilitarianism when the processes of production were ideologically privileged over the inhuman existence of the workers.</p> Dr. Rajan Lal Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 75 82 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.10 Oh! Guileless Passion! Understanding Indian women’s ambivalent sexuality and gender performances post Feminism in India <p>Cinema is a powerful archive; an extension of the human perspective, where the nuanced human existence is dissected and laid bare for the spectators to find their realities<em>. Lipstick Under My Burkha </em>(2016) does that. The four women characters coming from lower-middle-class families of Bhopal, India, are shown to be trying to live their lives on their own terms; but the fetters of norms, gender regulations and patriarchy binds their wings. Foucault further claims that “a norm belongs to the arts of judgment and that although a norm is related to power, it is characterized less by the use of force or violence than by, as Ewald puts it, “an implicit logic that allows power to reflect upon its strategies and clearly define its objects. This logic is at once the force that enables us to imagine life and the living as objects of power, and the power that can take 'life' in hand, creating the sphere of the bio-political”. A melody as honest as this one requires a leitmotif - Passion. As the movie unfolds on screen that makes the viewer recall a vague sense of doomsday, the lyrics in the background confess, “Passion, you ruined my life without ever asking me first.” Deep in the confines of a beauty parlour, one woman tells another, “You know what our problem is? We dream too much.” The film closes with four women marvelling at erotica, where the oldest tells the youngest to have the courage to dream, even as her demeanour sits heavy, recovering from shame. Female Passion (sexual, emotional, career-driven etc.) in a patriarchal, small-town circumstance gives each woman the courage to come alive - and yet, each time they do, Reality shakes the dreams out of their eyes, making them die a little more inside. As with Robert Louis Stevenson’s <em>Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde</em>, the confines of a woman’s identity allow her acceptance in society, where she navigates her secret desires in utter isolation (i.e. turning into a symbolic Mr. Hyde) now and then, but always returning to her “respectable face” (i.e. the symbolic Dr Jekyll) until it becomes impossible to separate the two, leading to her downfall. This ambivalence in female identity then seems deeply rooted in a culture of shame, where more “feminist” desires may only be pursued by being “shameless” - she steps forwards in the community to enact the performance of a lifetime (her oppression is, literally, a life-sentence) as she slips from one persona (an actor’s mask) to the next, finding and losing herself in the stolen moments between them. The film then appears as a commentary on sustenance - the Female, in less-privileged societies, helpless in their despair, may only come alive in split persona. Their stories are all the same. Their lipstick (self-expression, autonomy) is hidden away under their (both symbolic and literal) <em>burkas</em>.</p> Ms Trina Mukherjee Dr Purnima Anjali Mohanty Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 83 96 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.11 Women: Perspectives and Issues in Shashi Deshpande’s A Matter of Time and Small Remedies <p>A noteworthy novelist and author of many children books, Shashi Deshpande, has acquired a unique place in Indian writing in English. Her novels are written in simple and lucid language. All of them deal with simple people belonging to small strata of society in general as well as predicament of women in particular in the society and family. Her women characters seem to be alive and breathing in the surrounding nearby each of us as we see in our daily life. They are ordinary women who struggle for their own identity, self-realization and emancipation. Since Indian society is adhered to patriarchal set up, as a result the traditional women in Shashi Deshpande’s novels face the problem of suppression, oppression, injustice, exploitation and marginalization. Even if they are educated, they are the victims of several kinds of evils. Shashi Deshpande is much sieved to think the condition of women and fought for the cause of women. In the time of Shashi Deshpande men thought women as child-bearing machine. She tries her best to make aware her women their rights and fills them with courage in order they may demand their rights and make a niche in the society.</p> Satendra Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 97 101 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.12 Encountering The ‘Other’: Diasporic Consciousness in Jasmine and Brick Lane <p>Bharati Mukherjee and Monica Ali are both diasporic writers, from India and Bangladesh, respectively. Although Mukherjee’s growing up years were spent in India, it was her experience an immigrant in Canada, where she spent almost fourteen years of her life from 1966 to 1980, which provided her with the themes of her novels. The racism she encountered in Canada forced her to focus on issues such as cultural conflict, alienation, and gender discrimination, even gender violence. Her novel <em>Jasmine</em> encapsulates the experience of an Indian female immigrant to the US who despite various odds and hurdles, is able to survive and prevail. Monica Ali, a Dhaka born British writer, takes up gender problems as well as the issues of migrant community of Bangladesh and was hailed as the best of ‘young British novelists’ in 2003 for her debut novel <em>Brick Lane</em>. The novel explores the life of Nazneen, an immigrant in London, who becomes an embodiment of cultural conflict between east and west. The paper aims to bring out the fact that both women protagonists, Nazneen and Jasmine, as immigrants, adapt and survive due to the status of being the ‘other,’ which has been accorded to them since birth. Gender discrimination, which is a part of their life, turns them into fighters and survivors. The ‘otherness’ of their status, helps them acclimatise, while highlighting the commonality of their experience in terms of both, as females and immigrants.</p> Dr. Sangeeta Kotwal Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 102 107 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.13 Expectation vs Reality: A Dystopian Presentation of Bangladesh under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in Neamat Imam’s The Black Coat <p>The Liberation War of Bangladesh is groundbreaking event in the history of South Asia. Under the leadership of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman the people of the then East Pakistan went into an uneven war against Pakistan. The aim was to build Bangladesh on the principles of equality and justice. Bangladesh would be a free corruption-less democratic country. But after independence all these principles were vanished and the leaders of the country became corrupted from head to the toe. They kept themselves busy to make their own fortune instead of providing a good governance to the citizen. The famine of 1974 is the worst manifestation of terrible administration of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. Millions of people died during that time due to the lack of responsibility of the government. But Sheikh Mujib never held him responsible, instead he admitted only 26000 deaths from starvation. Neamat Imam brings this sad truth of Sheikh Mujib’s administration through his artistic representation of the famine of 1974 in his novel <em>The Black Coat. </em>Rich with political statements this novel unfolds the rather darker side of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and his sense of irresponsibly during the tough period of 1974 famine.</p> Rukunuddin Shaikh Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 108 114 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.14 A. K. Ramanujan: A Leading Indo-Anglican Poet <p>Ramanujan is one of the prominent Indo-Anglican Poets. Some critics consider him to be one of the three great Indo-Anglican poets, the other two being Nissim Ezekiel and Kamala Das. Ramanujan’s poetry is largely autobiographical and thought-provoking. The themes Ramanujan considers in his poetry are limited in scope, but some other passages of his poetry largely compensate for that inadequacy. Inversely important as a theme in Ramanujan’s poetry is his Hindu heritage. Ramanujan has shown a sharp and intense textual sensitivity in his poetry. Ramanujan is one of the most competent and professed craftsmen in Indo-Anglican poetry. Among the silent features of Ramanujan’s poetry is its cerebral literalism. His poetry abounds in boons of world and expression. Ramanujan generally writes in free verse without the importance of punctuation, but he does relatively frequently introduce rhyme and assonance into his poems. Another striking point of Ramanujan’s poetry is the ascendance in it of irony. Irony too is a device that is employed by nearly every Indo-Anglican poet, but Ramanujan makes use of this device in nearly every poem. Ramanujan’s poetry contains distinctive and distinguishable imagery from the imagery of other Indo-Anglican Poets.</p> Dr. Rituraj Trivedi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 7 2 115 121 10.53032/tcl.2022.7.2.15