Searching for the Self in the Novels of Thomas Hardy from the Existential Lenses
Keywords:Priori, Dasein, En/Pour-Soi, Facticity, Forfeiture, Nostalgie, Terrain
‘Aham Brahmasmi’, the soul of ‘Hindu and Yoga’ philosophy, reveals the integrity of the Atman (self or soul) with Brahman (the Absolute). Unless and until, one understands AHAM (self), one can’t attain one’s BRAHMAN (Absolute). Not to talk about sages and seers, this ‘Absolute’ is nothing but a desired destination for a common man. The literature of the world is nothing, but the literature of the man, the literature of the choice, the literature of the free will, and the literature of the self—authentic and inauthentic. It is the self that makes and mars the man. This is why ‘Self’ has been a thing of debate since the rays of cultures and civilizations fall on the pious ground of this blue planet. Seeing all this, an attempt is made to describe in brief the ‘Self’ along with its various types. Why it is called an omnipresent thing and how it is an impersonator, is the next thing. It is also in the crux of this exploration. What the various theories along with the various theorists are related to it, is also aimed to mention in this paper. What the ‘Searching for the self’ or ‘self-searching’ is, and what the existential thinkers think about the self, is the prime of the present paper. The essential thing here is to shed light on how the major novels of Thomas Hardy are about ‘Self-Searching’ along with its examining through the existential lenses.
Camus, Albert. The Rebel. Trans. By Anthony Bower. Hamish Hamilton, 1955.
Sarte, Jean-Paul. Being and Nothingness. Trans. By Hazel E. Barnes. Metheun & Co. Ltd.,1957.
Sartre, J.P. Existentialism and Humanism. Trans. By Philip Mairet. Methuen & Co. Ltd., 1948.
Dostoevsky, F. The Brothers Karamazov. Trans. By Magarshack Hazell. Watson & Viney (Penguin Books) 1976.
Camus, Albert. The Myth of Sisyphus and Other Essays. Trans. By Justin O’Brien. Vintage Books, 1991.
Comus, Albert. The Outsider. Trans. By Stuart Gilbert. Quoted in by Collins Wilson. Hamish Hamilton, 1946.
Hardy, Thomas. Desperate Remedies. Oxford World Classic. OUP Oxford, 2003.
Hardy, Thomas. Far From the Madding Crowd. Dover-Tript-Edition. Dover Publications, 12 March 2012.
Hardy, Thomas. The Return of the Native. Reproduction of the original.2nd vol. Outlook Verlag GMbh, 2020.
Hardy, Thomas. Jude the Obscure. Ed. By Cedric Watts. Broadview Press Ltd.,2004.
Hardy, Thomas. Desperate Remedies. Ed. by Beatty CJP. The New Wessex Edition. Macmillan. 1975.
Shakespeare, William. Hamlet: The Prince of Denmark. The EMC Master Series, Access Edition. EMC/ Paradigm Publishing St. Paul Minnesota. 1998.
Self, https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/self Accessed on 15 Dec. 2021.
Existentialism. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Existentialism Accessed on 16 Dec. 2021
Discovery of self. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-discovery Accessed on 19 Dec. 2021.
Thomas Hardy. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Hardy Accessed on 18 Dec. 2021
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.