Ethics without God in the Novels of Mulk Raj Anand

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Dr. Sayyada Begum


Anand’s fiction may appropriately be called literature of ‘ethics without God’ a literature of protest, a kind of literature which he holds in high esteem because it strikes hard at the roots of sectionalism, snobbery, contempt, etc., which cause the modern man’s degeneration and despair. His creative writing are doubtless saturated with the element of ethics which is inalienably related to his view of life. A large number of critical studies are available on Mulk Raj Anand, the Titan of Indian English literature and pioneer of Indian English novel. But much remains to be done to bring out exhaustive and composite work on this subject. The present study is a sincere endeavor to undertake a comprehensive evaluation of ‘Ethics without God’ in his novels. It also aims at presenting an organic character of his fiction and proper appreciation of Anand’s genius.


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How to Cite
Dr. Sayyada Begum. “Ethics Without God in the Novels of Mulk Raj Anand”. The Creative Launcher, vol. 5, no. 2, June 2020, pp. 153-61, doi:10.53032/tcl.2020.5.2.19.


“The writer’s Role in National Integration”, Indian Literature. Vol.V,No.1, 1962, p.58.

Anand, M.R., “The story of My Experiment with A While Lie”, Critical Essays on I ndian writing in English, ed., M.K. Naik, S.K. Desai and G.S. Amur (Macmillan, 1977), p.5.

Ibid, pp.17-18

Anand, M.R., “Why I Write?”, Indo-English literature, ed., K. K. Sharma (Ghaziabad Vimal Prakashan, 1977), p.16.

Letter written to Dr. S. Nath by Anand dated 25, May, 1979.


Anand, M.R., “Pigeon India”, Studies in Australian and Indian Literature, ed., C.D. Narasimhaiah (Indian Council for Cultural relations, 1971), pp.245-246.

Anand, M. R., “A Note on Modern Indian Fiction”, Indian literature, VIII, 1965, p.57.

“Why I write?” Indo-English Literature, p.16.

Ibid. p.14.

Ibid. p.15.

Anand, M.R., “The Story of My Experiment with A While Lie”, Critical Essays on Indian writing in English, p.6.

Anand, M.R. “The Chageling-An Indo-Anglian Novelist’s credo”, Indian and Foreign Review, Sept.15,1972, p.20.

Anand, M.R., Untouchable (Orient Paperbacks, 1970), Preface by E.M .Forster, p.5.

Ibid., p.6.

Anand, M.R., “The story of My Experiment with A White Lie”, Critical Essays on Indian writing in English, p.16.

Anand, M.R., Untouchable, p.18.

Ibid. p.57.

Ibid. p.87.

Anand, “Why I Write?”, Indo-English Literature,p.10.