Main Article Content
The paper explores the impact of different cultures and languages in the poetic writings of A. K. Ramanujan. He has a full command over Indian culture, scriptures and rituals. Tamil, Kannad, Sanskrit and English languages are well known to him. Language is a very important tool in the formulation of a culture and its aesthetics, as it is a medium of expression. Without language no human culture can be imagined. Culture is a manifestation of the ideas, customs, and social behavior of a particular group of human society. It is a code of conduct which guides and control a certain human society. Ramanujan was deeply rooted in Indian culture and tradition, which is evident in his work. However, his exposure to Western education, particularly his studies in the United States, also influenced his literary style and themes. As a result, Ramanujan's work reflects a unique blend of different cultures and languages, and he is known for bridging the gap between Indian and Western literary traditions. Oxford Advanced Learner Dictionary defines culture as “the customs and beliefs; ways of life and social organization of a particular country or group” (373). The cultural and linguistic influences are evident in the literature of any nation, therefore, it always becomes a perfect source of information. Literature of any nation keeps the record of its history, geography, culture and tradition. For instance, we have to study Leo Tolstoy to know the history and geography of nineteenth century Russian literature; similarly, if we want to know something about the English culture, we have to study English literature as literature is a part of culture. In the same way, there are several languages and cultures that are observed in India and each of them are closely connected with the theme of Indianness and this is how it paves the way of unity in diversity.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Adgadanand, Swami. Yatharth Geeta, JAK Printers Pvt Ltd; 2013.
Dwivedi, A.N. The Poetic Art of A. K. Ramanujan, B.R. Publishing, 1995.
Iyenger, KRS. Indian Writing in English. Sterling Publisher’s Private Limited; 15th Reprint 2005.
King, Bruce. Modern Indian Poetry in English. Oxford University Press, 1987, revised edition, 2001.
King, Bruce. Three Indian Poets: Ezekiel, Moraes, and Ramanujan. Oxford University Press, 2005.
Ramakrishna, D. Ramanujan’s Credo, Millennium Perspectives on A. K. Ramanujan. Atlantic Press, 2001.
Ramaunujan, A. K. Collected Poems. Oxford University Press, 1995.
Wehmeier, Sally. Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary of Current English. Oxford University Press, 2005. (7th edition)